Tailbone Pain: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment – Health Fitness

Tailbone pain:

Most likely, you never gave your tailbone a thought until it began to get hurt.

Tailbone pain is usually located on the lower part of your back just over your buttocks, which is in the region where these multisegmented bones sit. The tailbone is small however it serves several important functions. It assists in stabilizing you when sitting. Additionally, numerous muscles, tendons, and ligaments pass through the region.

Your doctor could refer to your tailbone using its medicinal name “coccyx.” The term is derived from the Greek term meaning “cuckoo.” The name was given to the tailbone due to the coccyx’s shape is similar to the beaks of birds.

Coccyx pain is known as coccydynia. The pain from an injured tailbone may range from mild to extreme. The pain may get more severe after you sit down, rise from the chair, or when you lean back when sitting.

It is possible to feel discomfort when you go to the bathroom or are having sex. Women might feel discomfort when they are having their period. Sometimes, pain can be felt all the way to your legs. Walking or standing should ease the pressure on your tailbone, and reduce discomfort.

Tailbone Pain: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment - Health Fitness

Causes of pain in the tailbone

A variety of health problems can lead to the tailbone hurting.

Tailbone pain can be caused by a variety of causes and are not restricted to some of the following:

  • Injury to the body: The physical injury to the coccyx and the tissues around it are the primary cause of pain in the tailbone. Knock falls or traumas that occur during birth can cause injuries to the coccyx.
  • Cartilage degeneration The cartilage that lines the spine wears away vertebrae could be rubbing against one another which can cause discomfort. The changes in the spine may cause pressure to the coccyx.
  • Pelvic floor disorder A person’s pelvic floor muscles could cause some discomfort.
  • Infections A spinal infection or of the tissue surrounding it could cause discomfort in the tailbone region.
  • CancersBone tumors in the coccyx can cause pain.


In order to determine a diagnosis doctors will conduct an exhaustive examination, which includes an entire medical background.

The doctor might inquire about:

  • prior pregnancies, birth experiences, and pregnancy experiences
  • any previous history of digestive issues
  • any other nerve or muscle issues

Based on the symptoms as well as medical histories, a few tests can determine the cause for the discomfort. They include:

  • an examination of the pelvic floor to evaluate the strength of the pelvic floor
  • Rectal exams are used to determine if there is a problem with these muscles that are causing pain.
  • imaging tests, for example, the X-rays and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans of the spinal cord and tailbone
  • tests for blood to rule out infections or an autoimmune condition


Tailbone Pain: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment - Health Fitness

Treatment for back pain typically concentrates on reducing symptoms. The most popular strategies are:

  • Therapy for physical injuries: Physical therapists may suggest strengthening the muscles around them and pelvic floor support as well as sitting and moving in a manner that is less likely to cause irritation to the tailbone.
  • Prescription pain medications: If symptoms are not responding to non-prescription treatments doctors may prescribe prescription painkillers.
  • surgery: The surgeon is able to tackle physical issues, like pelvic floor prolapse as well as herniated discs. The treatment could require surgery to remove a small portion from the coccyx.
  • Injectable medicines: Injectable steroids can frequently reduce pain. This can help relieve tension in the muscles as a person is working together with a physical trainer in order to deal with the root cause of the discomfort.
  • Treatment for medical ailments: Muscle stress from other diseases, such as hemorrhoids, can cause painful tailbones. Treatment of the underlying cause can aid in reducing discomfort around the tailbone.

Sometimes coccyx pain requires no treatment. If you experience pain in your tailbone during pregnancy might find the symptoms disappear within a few weeks after having a baby, while the pain caused by injuries may improve without treatment.


The majority of pain in the tailbone is caused by physical trauma to the coccyx or the tissue surrounding it.

Birth may typically cause pain in the tailbone. The impact of a fall or being on hard surfaces for long periods of time can also result in damage to the coccyx as well as the muscles surrounding it.

The majority of cases of pain in the tailbone with prescription medications, gentle exercise, and sitting aids. However, it is advised to seek out a physician if the discomfort persists or if they’re unable to pinpoint what is causing the pain.

A specialist is probably going to recommend solution torment prescriptions or active recuperation, just as maybe steroid infusions to help with the treatment of difficult tailbone torment. In certain instances, one might need surgeryTrustedSource to repair injury to the muscle or bone that causes pain.