Heart Failure Overview

Heart failure, often referred to as congestive cardiac failure (or heart disease), is a state where the heart muscle isn’t able to supply enough blood for the requirements of the body. Heart failure symptoms could include breathing problems, breathing difficulties; fatigue; an accumulation of fluids in the lung tissue; swelling in the ankles, legs, and feet, or even not even a single symptom. Here we overview of heart failure. 

Heart Failure Overview

What Is It?

A heart failure diagnosis is a generic word that refers to the weakening of the heart. The problem is identified when the heart fails to pump power, often resulting in large-scale swelling, shortness of breath, and fatigue. It usually develops and gets worse in time, but it may manifest abruptly (aka an acute heart attack).

You may also hear it as “congestive heart failure,” which is when the fluid has accumulated in different organs due to inadequate blood circulation. But, not all instances of heart problems are congestive.


Doctors explain heart failure in a variety of ways, based on the heart’s chamber affected and the way it’s functioning. Heart malfunction may cause damage to the left ventricle the right ventricle, or both.

The two major types of heart failure, namely systolic as well as diastolic, affect the ventricle left. (That’s it’s the part that circulates rich oxygenated blood through the remainder of the body through the aorta. It’s one of the most extensive arteries within our body.)

Systolic It is by far the most frequent type of heart failure. It happens when the heart’s capability to contract diminishes, and the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to force enough blood to circulate. (Doctors might refer to the condition in terms of “heart failure with reduced injection fracture.”)

Diastolic It occurs when your heart has trouble relaxing and is unable to properly fill up with blood due to the muscle of the heart being stiff. This can result in fluid accumulation, particularly in the ankles, feet, and legs. Patients may also experience lung congestion, too. (It’s often referred to as “heart failure with preserved ejection fracture.”)

In time, left-sided heart problems can result in right-sided heart problems.

Right-sided heart defect This happens in the ventricle of your right starts to fail to return oxygen-deficient blood to the lungs.


If the heart isn’t able to keep up with the requirements of your body potential signs include:

  • breathlessness
  • swelling in the extremities (think ankles, feet, and legs)
  • abdominal swelling
  • Chronic coughing
  • fatigue
  • vomiting or a decreased appetite
  • an increased heart rate or an abnormal heart rate
  • Trouble concentrating or confusion

However, heart failure symptoms can differ based upon the kind of disease you suffer from and the severity of. The signs typically become worse when the heart is weaker.


Heart failure can be caused by conditions that cause damage to the heart or hinder the ability to pump.

Factors that can increase the likelihood of developing heart disease comprise the following:

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • HDL
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Heart valve problems

A prior cardiac attack heart or a serious illness can trigger heart failure. Recent research suggests that insulin resistance is also an indicator of risk, and the chemotherapy drug doxorubicin has been linked with higher than normal rates of heart-related failure.


The symptoms can help in diagnosing heart problems. For instance, if you are experiencing worsening shortness of breath and are not able to walk along the street or lay flat in bed and breathe easily it is recommended to visit a doctor. The process of identifying the root cause while eliminating other possibilities for diagnosis usually requires an examination and medical history, chest x-rays, and blood tests.

The next step could involve some or all the following tests:

  • Electrocardiogram (also known as the EKG) to determine heart problems
  • An MRI to determine the flow of blood to the heart
  • An echocardiogram looks at the functions that the heart muscle performs. The term “echo” is often the test that doctors employ to measure something known as “ejection fraction”–the quantity of blood that is pumped from the heart during every heart contraction.
  • A stress test that will assess the heart’s endurance during exercise


When you’ve found yourself diagnosed with heart disease, you should know that there are many treatments to manage the problem.


Addressing the root cause of heart failures such as coronary arterial disease or high blood pressure or diabetes is often one of the initial steps. Doctors can conduct an angiogram or a cardiac catheterization to examine the arteries to determine if there’s an obstruction. If plaque buildup is evident there’s a good chance that a physician will prescribe medications.

Some treatment options include angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), beta-blockers, and diuretics (they work to get rid of excess fluid in the body).

To correct heart-related issues Some people might undergo a heart bypass procedure or undergo surgery to implant a defibrillator.

In more serious situations heart failure patients could look into the possibility of using a heart assist device called a left-ventricular assist commonly referred to by the name an LVAD. Surgery for heart transplantation could be considered if other therapies are not working.

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