Arm Pain: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatments -Health Fitness

The Arm Hurts

Arm pain refers to discomfort or pain that occurs across the arm. It could include pain at the elbow, wrist, and shoulder.

The pain in the arm can be because of a variety of reasons. The most frequent causes are injuries or excessive use. The cause of the issue is dependent on the source. the pain can be acute and then go away or become more severe over time.

Arm pain can be caused by injury or irritation that affects the structures that are located in the arms, which could also affect the upper or neck. Everyday activities, such as writing, typing using tools and sports or lifting large objects, or even exercising can result in arm pain.Arm pain, typically on the left, and accompanied by tightening of your chest and nausea and breathing difficulties can be an indication of The symptom of coronary arterial disease or even heart attack According to Mayo Clinic.

The signs and symptoms of arm Pain

Arm Pain: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatments -Health Fitness

Arm pain may range from mild to intense and manifests in a variety of kinds, from a shooting or stabbing pain to more than mild pain. It may develop abruptly or gradually, and can be coupled with other signs in the context of the underlying medical condition. The symptoms that can be associated when you have arm pain may include:

  • A redness or bruise
  • Tingling
  • Numbness
  • Weakness
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness
  • A limited motion range
  • The lymph glands are swelling under the arm

Carpal tunnel syndrome is an ailment that is often that is caused by repetitive motions in the wrists, hands, or even fingers that could result in numbness, tingling, or weakness of your palms, hands, and fingers, as per Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic. The tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis) is a very common disorder caused by repetitive movements within the elbows, arms, and wrists in particular may cause tenderness and weakness in the forearm joint and elbow joint and tenderness around an outside portion of the elbow according to the Mayo Clinic.

A frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis) -A less well-known condition that is more likely to affect people aged 40-60 is a cause of discomfort and a limited range of motion as the connective tissue surrounding the shoulder joint gets thickened and inflamed according to the Cleveland Clinic. Deep vein thrombosis Of the extremity above or when a blood clot develops within a vein deep in the arm, it could cause swelling, extreme pain as well as arm pain, according to the American College of Cardiology (ACC).

The causes of arm discomfort

The causes of arm pain as well as the symptoms that accompany it vary from mild to extreme. The possible causes for arm pain could be:

Nerves are pinched

The pinched nerve occurs when a nerve is under excessive pressure on it because of the surrounding

  • bones
  • muscles
  • cartilage
  • tendons

Other signs could be:

  • tingling
  • Apathy
  • Sharp pain
  • Muscle weakness


Sprains are the result of stretching or tearing in the tendons or ligaments. They’re a common injury. It’s possible to treat minor sprains at home, however, more severe strains might require surgery. The most common symptoms include swelling, bruising restricted joint mobility, and a joint that is unstable.


Tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendon. It is most often seen in the elbows, shoulders, and wrists. Tendonitis may range from mild to serious. Other signs are minor swelling, tenderness, and the sensation of aching and dullness.

Rotator cuff injury

The most frequent cases are when people perform overhead movements throughout their life, such as painters or baseball players. It is characterized by dull shoulder pain and possible arm weakness.

Broken bones

Arm Pain: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatments -Health Fitness

Fragmented or broken bones may cause severe, sharp discomfort in your arm. It is possible to hear a snap as the bone is broken. Signs of a broken bone include:

  • swelling
  • bruising
  • intense pain
  • a visible deformity
  • the inability to rotate your palm

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic illness caused by inflammation which mostly affects joints. The most common symptoms are:

  • Warm and tender joints
  • swelling of joints
  • stiffness of joints
  • fatigue


Angina can be described as chest pain. It happens because your heart isn’t receiving enough oxygen. It can trigger discomfort in your arm and shoulder, as and pressure in the neck, chest, and back. Angina is often a sign of an issue with your heart. Other signs include:

  • chest pain
  • nausea
  • breathlessness
  • dizziness

Heart attack

Heart attacks are when blood isn’t able to reach the heart because of a blockage that cuts the flow of oxygen to the heart. The result is that a section that makes up the muscle of your heart to becomes dead if oxygen levels don’t return to the heart quickly. If you’re experiencing an attack on your heart You may experience:

  • discomfort in either or both arms
  • breath shortness
  • discomfort elsewhere in your upper body
  • nausea
  • A cold sweat
  • chest pain
  • dizziness

How is Arm Pain Diagnosis?

As arm pain is the symptom of several conditions, it’s crucial to determine the cause in the event that your pain continues or causes distress.

To identify a problem that is causing discomfort in your arm, your physician will inquire in-depth about your symptoms and routines and take a physical exam. If required, your doctor will conduct imaging tests, which might include the following:

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) This test utilizes a magnetic field and radio waves to create precise images of the areas that are part of the body.

Ultrasound This test utilizes sound waves to create pictures of the body’s structures and is a great way to identify compression syndromes such as carpal tunnel syndrome.

The study of nerve conduction This test analyzes nerve impulses when an electrical current is applied to identify damaged nerves.

Electromyography (EMG) The test involves inserting needle electrodes in muscles to monitor their electrical activity. This could help determine injuries to nerves that cause muscles.

The prognosis for Arm Pain

The severity of your arm pain is as well as how long it lasts the likelihood that it will go away by itself or require treatment will depend on the underlying issue.

Certain types of arm pain could go away in their own time, particularly when you aren’t engaged in the activity that led to the injury. In other situations, it may be necessary to stop or alter the routine of your activity so that recovery can be made. It is possible that you will need occupational or physical therapy.

In certain cases, arm pain due to pinched nerves might not go away on its own, or even with more minimally invasive treatment options and may require surgery.

Therapies to treat arm discomfort

Arm Pain: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatments -Health Fitness

Solutions for shoulder pain differ based on the root cause and severity of your arm pain.

The treatment options for pain in the arm could consist of the following:

  • The pain medication. For certain situations arm pain, it could be so severe that your doctor may prescribe pain medications.
  • Anti-inflammatory medicines. For pain due to inflammation, anti-inflammatory drugs like corticosteroids may help in reducing the root cause and consequent pain. Anti-inflammatory medicines are available in the form of injectables, oral medication, and intravenous drugs.
  • Therapy. You may need to relieve arm pain using physical therapy, especially if you are limited in your mobility.
  • Surgery. In severe cases of arm pain, surgery might be required. Examples include torn ligaments or broken bones.

Home remedies

Alongside the medication prescribed by your doctor to treat shoulder pains, you could make use of a range of home remedies.

Some examples of home remedies for arm pain are:


Sometimes, all your body needs are to rest. Relieve the pain area and refrain from intense exercise and motion.


Chopping injuries is often a great way to reduce swelling and inflammation. Utilize an Ice pack wrapped in an oversized towel for 20 mins at a stretch on the affected area. Make sure to wait for at least an hour between each ice pack.

Over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers

If you’re not ready to make an appointment consult with your physician and your discomfort isn’t severe, OTC pain medications like aspirin or Ibuprofen may help ease the discomfort. It is not recommended to use these medicines for more than the recommended usage.


In the area you’re feeling pain using the aid of an elastic bandage or brace will help to reduce swelling and stop the joint from stretching too far, which can hinder healing.


Maintain your arm in a position to decrease inflammation and pain.

Should any of the solutions cause pain Stop the home remedy immediately and speak with your physician.

Prevention of Arm Pain

There are many types of arm pain that can be avoided, However, many of the most prevalent causes of arm pain can be traced back to straining or excessive use.The steps below can aid you in avoiding the most commonly encountered types of arm pain: Reduce the force you exert. If you’re typing or operating cash registers, be careful not to strike the keys too hard.

Let your hands relax. Don’t grasp a handle, pen, or any other item more than necessary to accomplish the task at the moment.

Pause for a break. Even short breaks from repetitive activities will help prevent injury particularly if you take the breaks to bend and stretch your wrists and hands.

Pay attention to your form and body posture. Don’t bend your wrists too much in either direction and also don’t lean forward with your shoulders while working.

Improve your mouse on your computer. Be sure that your hand is positioned to the mouse at an angle that feels comfortable you may need to try different products and positions to get this. Keep at a comfortable temperature. Keep your hands warm while working and use gloves when you need to.

Mix up your workout. Don’t do the same type of exercise repeatedly every day. A variety of exercises is less likely to result in injuries.

Stretch after exercising. Work to increase the range of motion after your muscles are warm.