Anyone who has had the experience of having a kidney stone is aware of how awful it can cause. Kidney stones form due to high levels of salt and minerals in urine form a congeal. In time the congealed pieces may form stones that range in size, from sand-like grains or small pebbles to large pieces of rock.
“Some are soft, some are sort of crushable, some are more crystalline and some are more solid, like a petrified rock,” says Margaret Pearle, MD, Ph.D. Professor as well as vice-chairman of Urology within UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas.
Kidney stones may pass through your urine with no need to seek treatment. However, if a stone becomes trapped in a poor location, particularly in the ureters, which are the narrow passageways that permit urine to flow through from the kidneys to the bladder, the pain can be quite painful. The larger stones can even hinder the kidneys and cause obstruction to the urine flow. But, the stones that are left in the kidneys don’t cause any discomfort or symptoms whatsoever. So long as they’re not hindering the flow of urine or causing infection, they’re safe to leave.
Many factors, including eating habits, medical ailments (including obesity), and the family history of the problem could increase the likelihood of creating kidney stones. One of the most significant and easily reversible risk elements is dehydration. Increasing your daily intake of water intake can lower your chances of developing kidney stones at.
01 Back, side, or groin pain
A kidney stone may be missed until it begins to show symptoms and then you can watch it go out. Many people believe it’s more painful than childbirth. Sometimes, kidney stone pain begins with a dull ache however, it may quickly escalate to extreme cramping or sharp, wagging pain.
The pain is typically felt in the rear and side or underneath your rib cage. The pain may radiate to your lower abdomen, or even into your groin. Kidney stones may cause discomfort in the testicles or part of the penis.
“It is very episodic, colicky pain,” Dr. Pearle says. the doctor Dr. Pearle. “It can be horrible one minute and then it just completely subsides the next.”
02 Tossing and turning
If a stone is being agitated, you can tell that it is. “People are not sitting still with stones,” Dr. Pearle says. “They’re moving around to try to find a more comfortable position.”
The sudden onset of extreme renal stone pain, also known as renal colic, generally lasts between 20 and 60 minutes, as per the National Library of Medicine.
03 Nausea or vomiting
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04 Urge to urinate or frequent urination
People with kidney stones may find themselves having to pee frequently. The reason for this is based on the location where the stone is situated. “Stones that are close to the bladder will have a lot of bladder symptoms: frequency, urgency, needing to get to the bathroom quickly, and going small amounts,” Dr. Pearle notes.
The reason? Stones can cause irritation to the bladder’s walls. the bladder “and that manifests as the bladder contracting,” she says. This causes you to feel as if you’re forced to go.
If not much pee is released You might think that you’re experiencing problems getting rid of urine. However, those bladder contractions could happen even when you have a full bladder, as Dr. Peale explains. “Unless the stone is actually in the urethra, there shouldn’t really be trouble urinating,” she states. “You should always be making urine.”
05 Blood in the urine
A kidney stone is likely to inflame the delicate tissue that runs along the urinary tract. This includes the urinary tract. The bleeding can be substantial tiny, but also somewhere between.
“Sometimes the urine will look grossly red,” Dr. Pearle says. “Sometimes it’ll look like tea or cola.”
06 Pain or burning with urination
If you’re experiencing pain when you go to the bathroom it could be a kidney stone that may be the cause. Certain people suffer from this kind of pain when stones move through the ureter, moving closer to the bladder.
But it’s more likely that Dr. Pearle says, that the burning sensation during urination is a result of an infection, for example, an Urinary tract infection, and not kidney stones. A study found that 8 percent of kidney stone sufferers suffered from UTIs. (A stinky odor is also an indication that you may have a UTI rather than kidney stones. “You don’t typically hear people say that their urine smells when they have a stone,” Dr. Pearle.)
The common symptom of fever is kidney stones. If you’re experiencing an illness that causes fever, you have an infection in addition to or in the presence of kidney stones. Patients with kidney stones may experience fever, but when a stone is restricting urine flow. If this is the case this is an emergency. “Antibiotics can’t penetrate an obstructed kidney, so you have to relieve the obstruction,” Dr. Pearle explains.
Shock wave lithotripsy makes use of the power of sound to cut up stones into smaller pieces which you excrete into your urine, which could be utilized to eliminate the obstruction in certain cases. Sometimes, doctors will go into the urinary tract with an instrument and trap the stone, or cut it into pieces using the help of a laser. Large stones can be removed through an operation that requires cutting a small incision into your back.
08 When to see a doctor for kidney stones
Patients often seek medical assistance for kidney stones because of extreme nausea and pain they’re experiencing. If they’ve never experienced stones before, the signs could be quite awe-inspiring. “A lot will say, ‘I thought I was dying,'” Dr. Pearle. Always seek medical attention immediately when you experience extreme bleeding, vomiting, pain, or other indications of an infection.
Smaller stones are more likely to can pass by themselves. The time it takes for a kidney stone to go through differs from person to person and is dependent on the size and location that the stones are located. If the stone is too large to pass by itself or is causing problems it may be necessary to remove it using the procedure of lithotripsy and kidney stones surgery. When left untreated, kidney stones may cause kidney damage in the event that they hinder urinary flow.